Society: Arts and Science – June 8

As the traditional summer break approaches, it is a good time to think about our children helping out in the garden. “Maker space”, “do it yourself training”, and “taking part in the great outdoors” are big business. Just about every family or community has the chance to make their own gardening with their young people each day and learn valuable lessons about themselves, botany, biology, and food. Take the time to garden and enjoy your vacation as well.
Barefeet, shorts and t-shirts are the uniform of summer vacations or vacations of any kind for many of us. Probably most of us are wearing flip-flops or sandals rather than bare feet but still, the risk of little nicks, cuts, and other abrasions on your unprotected skin. As we look around for rust, we are missing the real source of tetanus. The bacteria live in the soil. And while tetanus infections are uncommon due to swift and proper treatment, we can save ourselves a lot of trouble if we follow a few simple steps. Tetanus bacteria live in the soil and the infection can cause a variety of muscle spasms and stiffness. For that reason, we often call the symptoms “lockjaw” but in extreme, untreated cases affect the breathing muscles of the victim. So what can you do?
When in the yard, you can protect your skin with gloves, shoes, and pants from cuts and scratches. Once you have done a job that put you in contact with soil, manure, or other forms of dirt, check yourself for cuts and scratches. Take care of this minor damage as soon as you notice it.
Soap and water are your best defence against tetanus. Immunisation is important and you should know when you need a booster. Adults should consider a booster every ten years.
Tetanus can take three days to three weeks to show up. Be aware of muscle stiffness that feels wrong, like trouble swallowing.That is the time to get a health professional involved.
These simple, easy steps will make it easier to enjoy outdoors and reduce concerns over cuts and scrapes.

Swedish and Norwegian committees bestow Nobel Prizes in recognition of cultural or scientific advances. The 1895 will of Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel established the prizes.
Francis Harry Compton Crick OM FRS was born on this date in 1916. He was a British molecular biologist, biophysicist, and neuroscientist, most noted for being a co-discoverer of the structure of the DNA molecule in 1953 with James Watson. Together with Watson and Maurice Wilkins, he was jointly awarded the 1962 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine “for their discoveries concerning the molecular structure of nucleic acids and its significance for information transfer in living material”. Crick was an important theoretical molecular biologist and played a crucial role in research related to revealing the genetic code. He is widely known for use of the term “central dogma” to summarise the idea that genetic information flow in cells is essentially one-way, from DNA to RNA to protein. During the remainder of his career, he held the post of J.W. Kieckhefer Distinguished Research Professor at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies in La Jolla, California. His later research centred on theoretical neurobiology and attempts to advance the scientific study of human consciousness. He remained in this post until his death; “he was editing a manuscript on his death bed, a scientist until the bitter end” according to Christof Koch.

Society: Arts and Science – May 2

Swedish and Norwegian committees bestow Nobel Prizes in recognition of cultural or scientific advances. The 1895 will of Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel established the prizes.
Giulio Natta died on this date in 1979. He was an Italian chemist and Nobel laureate. He won a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1963 with Karl Ziegler for work on high polymers. He was also a recipient of Lomonosov Gold Medal in 1969.
Sir John Carew Eccles AC FRS FRACP FRSNZ FAA died on this date in 1997. He was an Australian neurophysiologist and philosopher who won the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on the synapse. He shared the prize with Andrew Huxley and Alan Lloyd Hodgkin.

Society: Arts and Science – January 27

Today is International Thanksgiving Day! A day to celebrate your life in a special way…

Swedish and Norwegian committees bestow Nobel Prizes in recognition of cultural or scientific advances. The 1895 will of Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel established the prizes.
Sir John Carew Eccles AC FRS FRACP FRSNZ FAA was born on this date in 1903. He was an Australian neurophysiologist and philosopher who won the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for his work on the synapse. He shared the prize with Andrew Huxley and Alan Lloyd Hodgkin.
Charles Hard Townes died on this date in 2015. He was an American Nobel Prize-winning physicist and inventor of the maser and laser. Townes was known for his work on the theory and application of the maser, on which he got the fundamental patent, and other work in quantum electronics connected with both maser and laser devices. He shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1964 with Nikolay Basov and Alexander Prokhorov. Charles was also a key advisor to the United States Government, meeting every US President from Harry Truman (1945) to Bill Clinton (1999). One of the most notable committees he led for the government was the Science and Technology Advisory Committee for the Apollo flights, which were extremely effective at bringing the program to a successful fruition on time and under budget. After joining UC Berkeley in 1967, he began an astrophysical program that produced several important discoveries like the black hole at the centre of the Milky Way Galaxy. Townes was deeply religious and believed that science and religion are converging to provide a fuller understanding of the nature and purpose of this universe.





Society: Art and Science – October 15

Swedish and Norwegian committees bestow Nobel Prizes in recognition of cultural or scientific advances. The 1895 will of Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel established the prizes.
Konrad Emil Bloch ForMemRS was born on this date in 1912. He was a German-American biochemist. Bloch received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1964 (joint with Feodor Lynen) for discoveries concerning the mechanism and regulation of the cholesterol and fatty acid metabolism.

Society: Arts and Science – March 3

Today is International Thanksgiving Day. Find a way to celebrate your life today…
Swedish and Norwegian committees bestow Nobel Prizes in recognition of cultural or scientific advances. In 1895, the will of Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel established the prizes.
Arthur Kornberg was born on this date in 1918. He was an American biochemist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1959 for his discovery of “the mechanisms in the biological synthesis of deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA)” together with Dr Severo Ochoa of New York University. He was also awarded the Paul-Lewis Award in Enzyme Chemistry from the American Chemical Society in 1951, L.H.D. degree from Yeshiva University in 1962, as well as National Medal of Science in 1979. His primary research interests were in biochemistry, especially enzyme chemistry, deoxyribonucleic acid synthesis (DNA replication) and studying the nucleic acids which control heredity in animals, plants, bacteria and viruses.




Society: Arts and Science – February 23

Today is International Thanksgiving Day. Find a way to celebrate your life today…
Swedish and Norwegian committees bestow Nobel Prizes in recognition of cultural or scientific advances. In 1895, the will of Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel established the prizes.
Dickinson Woodruff Richards, Jr. died on this date in 1973. He was an American physician and physiologist. He was a co-recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1956 with André Cournand and Werner Forssmann for the development of cardiac catheterization and the characterisation of a number of cardiac diseases.




Society: Arts and Science – February 5

Today is International Thanksgiving Day. Find a way to celebrate your life today…
Swedish and Norwegian committees bestow Nobel Prizes in recognition of cultural or scientific advances. In 1895, the will of Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel established the prizes.
Robert Hofstadter was born on this date in 1915. He was an American physicist. He was the joint winner of the 1961 Nobel Prize in Physics (together with Rudolf Mössbauer) “for his pioneering studies of electron scattering in atomic nuclei and for his consequent discoveries concerning the structure of nucleons”.
Sir Alan Lloyd Hodgkin OM KBE PRS was born on this date 1914. He was an English physiologist and biophysicist, who shared the 1963 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine with Andrew Huxley and John Eccles.